CBD is the most vital cannabinoid taken out of the cannabis plant. It is naturally found in hemp and marijuana plant and possesses extensive therapeutic properties which are helpful in improving the symptoms of various health issues. Cannabis contains other beneficial cannabinoids such as CBG, CBC, CBN, THC and flavonoids, and terpenes.
Most of us are reluctant to use cannabis because of its psychoactive abilities. The culprit behind the intoxication is THC. CBD is safe and does not possess such properties.
CBD vs THC
CBD and THC may have been extracted from the same plant but they have wearing effects on the physiological and hormonal state of the body.
Both these compounds have a similar chemical makeup yet the arrangement of atoms creates a significant difference.
CBD is entirely non-psychoactive and cannot cause intoxication. It is usually extracted from Cannabis sativa strain of the marijuana plant. CBD oil extracted from hemp contains less than 0.3 % THC which is insignificant to alter the state of mind. FDA has approved CBD products containing less than 0.3 % THC so, any product containing more than this percentage is illegal to purchase, sell or use.
CBD has the ability to engage CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system of the human body.
The slight difference in the structure of CBD does not allow it to fit in the receptor itself but it promotes the uptake of other endogenous cannabinoids. CBD can also reduce the degradation of endocannabinoids such as Anandamide which can be reused if required.
Whereas THC is psychoactive and can cause a high. Its atomic structure is similar to that of the endogenous cannabinoid and it can fit the CB1 receptors of the system.
Even though THC is associated with intoxication yet it has some potential benefits. Research shows that a calculated quantity of THC can help in improving the symptoms of anxiety depression and mental health issues. However, as THC is in the controlled substance list, its occurrence in the blood in the urine can cause major legal complications for us. In some states of the US medical marijuana is being legalized so if you have a Cannabis card you can purchase different strains of marijuana containing higher quantities of THC. However, in most parts of the world medical marijuana is yet to be recognized so make sure to check the rules and protocols of the State or the country before buying or selling marijuana or its related products.
Unlike CBD, THC has some severe side effects such as coordination problems, red eyes, dry mouth, slow reaction time, memory loss, increased heart rate, and anxiety.
Even though the human body can tolerate a higher dose of CBD, still some people may face fatigue, nausea, and loss of appetite.
Extraction of CBD oil
The extraction method of CBD is highly important to make sure that the product meet all legal and medical requirements. Different concentrations and combinations of cannabinoids can have an impact on the overall effect of CBD oil.
Extraction is carried out to make sure CBD is separated from other cannabinoids such as CBC, THC, CBN, CBG, etc.
Cannabis is unpleasant to chew and may not have the same effect as a concentrate aa it contains different compounds that are not really required.
Moreover, CBD requires decarboxylation before it can be absorbed in the blood. Decarboxylation requires the plant to be boiled at a specific temperature so its therapeutic properties are activated. Moreover, raw cannabis may contain a wide range of microbes that are not good for our health.
Common methods of CBD extraction are:
It is the least expensive method which uses ethanol or butane to extract CBD. Plant waxes are absorbed in the solvent and CBD remains and dissolved and contained during the evaporation process.
Extraction of CBD oil with olive oil
One of the oldest methods to extract CBD is to use olive oil during the process. In this method, CBD is decarboxylated and then heated with the olive oil again and extracted as it evaporates.
CO2 extraction requires bigger investment and setup, however, it is the most advanced and accurate process for extraction of CBD oil. Supercritical carbon dioxide is used to extract cannabinoids with the least amount of contaminants.
CBD for Sleep
The capability of CBD to intermingle with the endocannabinoid system makes it a perfect choice for improving sleep problems. Following factors lead to poor sleep patterns: -
- Stress disorders such as depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
- Chronic physical conditions such as cancer or arthritis etc.
- Medications that may have an effect on the sleep-wake cycle.
- Excessive intake of caffeine.
CBD can help in treating the causes of insomnia or sleeplessness e.g. studies suggest that CBD is an excellent drug to treat anxiety. The lower level of anxiety leads to better sleep.
Intense pain can also cause sleep problems. CBD interacts with the CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system and soothes pain thereby improving sleep.
CBD tinctures, capsules, edibles, and vape concentrates can be used to improve sleep issues. The right dosage depends upon the weight, severity of the issue, and personal body chemistry of the patient. Optimum dose lies somewhere between 25 to 1500mg per day depending upon the requirement.
CBD for Pain Management
Our body’s cell signaling system has also a role to play in pain management. Cannabinoids are core components of our brain and immune system. They attach to tiny protein receptors that receive and send signals in response to different stimuli in the body. Studies have revealed that CBD can help in releasing soreness caused by cancer, fibromyalgia, and neuropathic pain. Studies conducted on rats have shown that varying doses of CBD can reduce inflammation of joints caused by arthritis. CBD gel is an effective remedy for inflammatory responses and pain relief.
Even though limited studies have been performed on the effect of CBD in migraine patients. Studies show that a combination of CBD and THC reduces the intensity of migraines. An optimum dose ranging from 100 to 200 mg has been found to be effective in relieving acute pain.
Cancer and its treatment method such as chemotherapy can cause an immense amount of pain, vomiting, and nausea. Studies show that amalgamation of THC and CBD extract can be used to provide pain relief during the treatment procedures. However, it should be noticed that CBD is not a treatment or cure for cancer or other such chronic health issues. It just improves the symptoms and pain caused by different health diseases.
Opioids are commonly used to reduce pain intensity in patients suffering from different diseases. Opioids are addictive and have potential side effects. Even though they are more effective yet their side effects cannot be overlooked. Common side effects of opioids are constipation, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, dry mouth, sedation, and pruritus.
How to Add CBD in Daily Routine?
With so many CBD products accessible in the market, it has become enormously easy to augment CBD in our daily lives. Before we get into the details of how we can do this let's take a quick look at the types and forms of CBD.
Full Spectrum CBD:
Full-spectrum CBD oil contains all the cannabinoids extracted from the Cannabis plant along with THC.
Broad Spectrum CBD: This type of CBD contains all essential cannabinoids of Cannabis excluding THC. It is usually extracted from hemp or Cannabis sativa which naturally contains lower quantities of THC.
CBD Isolate: CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD oil and contains the least amount of impurities and THC.
Different forms of CBD
CBD is becoming immensely popular; you can easily get different forms of CBD distributed by various vendors.
- Hemp flowers
Types of CBD Edibles
One of the most interesting ways to intake CBD is CBD infused edibles. There are many benefits of CBD edibles yet the most prominent one of them is that you will not have to experience the early and nutty flavor of Cannabis oil when it is infused in some scrumptious edibles. CBD edibles are equally effective and can be easily added to our daily life routine.
As vegetables have to go through our digestive system before they can enter our bloodstream it may take some time for this CBD dose to show its effect. However, the effect stays for a longer time.
Most common types of CBD edibles available are:
- CBD gummies – easy to take and yummy in taste
- Cannabis-infused butter – can be used in several recipes
- CBD infused vegetable oil – add it as salad dressings or cook your steaks in it.
- CBD chewing gums – relieve anxiety with CBD chewing gums
Currently, more than 500 studies involve cannabis or related compounds. With almost no severe side effects, CBD could be our way to a healthy lifestyle as we add it to our daily life routine.